Gmat sentence correction grail 3rd edition pdf

 

    Aristotle Prep GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition Sample - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. The 3rd edition of. Get Free Read & Download Files Aristotle Gmat Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition PDF. ARISTOTLE GMAT SENTENCE CORRECTION GRAIL 3RD. GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd edition: Aristotle Prep Aristotle Prep GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition Sample - Free download as PDF File.

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    Gmat Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition Pdf

    Aristotle Prep GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition Sample - Free download as PDF File. .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. The 3rd edition of. GMAT. GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd edition: Aristotle Prep The Wiley's GMAT Sentence Correction Grail PDF is a one-stop look for the. Gmat sentence correction grail 3rd edition aristotle prep on sitecom free shipping on qualifying offers the only book you need to ace the gmat sentence.

    The book spans more than pages and is divided into five parts: Part 1 - Basic Grammar Review Reviews the necessary grammar concepts to build a strong foundation Part 2 - Sentence Correction Error Types In-depth coverage of all the Sentence Correction error types- subject-verb agreement, pronouns, modifiers, idioms, verb tense, parallelism, comparisons Part 3- Miscellaneous Sentence Correction Errors Discusses the GMAT likes and dislikes -what to prefer and what to avoid. Part 4- Question bank Exclusive Practice Set of questions to help you apply the concepts learnt in previous chapters Part 5 - Quick Revision Summarizes all the topics to help you revise everything quickly. How is this book superior to any other book for Sentence Correction? The book first helps you build a strong grammatical foundation, then addresses the error types in depth and finally lets you apply and fine tune the concepts learnt on GMAT-like practice questions Provides Targeted Practice drills at the end of each chapter for conceptual clarity Does not just give pages of theory but also helps you understand how a concept is tested on actual GMAT questions by referencing the Official Guide for GMAT Review 13th or the 12th edition whenever necessary Devotes an entire section to what the GMAT likes and dislikes between two options such as whether and if, like and as, will and would, etc.

    Here is a list of some common additives: in addition to along with as well as together with including So to sum up: John and his friend are coming for dinner.

    But John as well as his friend is coming for dinner. How about this sentence? In this case, even though and is being used as the connector, the correct verb will be is. This is an exception to the above rule - if the two words connected by and are considered a single unit, then obviously theyll take a singular verb. A hint is to look at the word that follows the verb.

    GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition

    If this word is singular, the verb most probably will be singular. For example, in the sentence above, the singular word snack follows is and this reinforces the conclusion that strawberries and cream is a singular subject. With neither.. So, in option A, the correct verb should be are agrees with the closer subject friends , and in option B, the correct verb should be is agrees with the closer subject John. The same rule applies to either Note: When either or neither is used in a sentence without the or or nor, then the verb has to be singular.

    For example: Neither of Johns friends are is here 4 Collective Nouns Collective nouns are almost always singular. So, a flock of sheep is grazing and not are grazing flock is a collective noun. There are some cases in which a collective noun can be plural but these will almost never be tested on the GMAT, so for GMAT purpose treat collective nouns as singular.

    For more examples of collective nouns, check the previous section on Grammar review. If you have marked are as the correct option, you are wrong, because each is singular; so the correct verb should be is. A number is plural A number of students are standing outside the office.

    This is an exception to the preposition rule discussed earlier. For example, Half of the furniture is here But Half of the books are here When discussing majority, remember that majority by itself is singular but when majority refers to a set of people it is plural. For example, A majority is always right. A majority of students are right. Which one do we go with, the singular belongs or the plural belong?

    The answer is the plural belong. Any of the members who disagree may leave the committee. This is one of the questions that are incorrect. For example, Through the Golden Eagle River sails thousands of ships every day. In the above sentence, the singular verb sails is not referring to the singular Golden Eagle River but to the plural thousands of ships.

    Hence, the correct verb will be the plural sail. Through the Golden Eagle River sail thousands of ships every day. While most indefinite pronouns are plural, there are a few that can be both singular and plural depending on the context. These are all, none, some, any, most - Some of the students are in the class - Some of the water is in the glass.

    Tips for Subject Verb Agreement questions: If the sentence is very long, omit the part between commas Collective nouns are almost always singular Whenever you see the words each, every, and, as well as, or, etc.

    Accordingly get the subject to agree with the correct verb form. Some of the sentences may be correct as written i. Through the toll plaza crosses thousands of cars everyday.

    In this poorly designed building, there is a lack of parking space and an abundance of pillars. Subject-Verb Agreement Practice Drill - Explanations The subject and verb have been highlighted for easy identification. Explanation: The plural subject motorcycles and scooters requires the plural verb have. Explanation: In such or constructions the verb needs to agree with the subject closer to it i.

    The plural subject scooters obviously requires the plural verb have. Explanation: The subject is after or i. Explanation: The use of each always requires the singular verb, in this case has. Explanation: Dont let the and confuse you, the use of every always requires the singular verb, in this case has. Explanation: The last word snack should give you a hint that the two items Popcorn and Pepsi are actually considered one single item in this sentence and hence requires the singular verb is.

    Explanation: As in the earlier sentence, the last word snacks implies that Popcorn and Pepsi are considered two different items and hence require the plural verb are. Explanation: In neither. Hence the singular subject director requires the singular verb was. Hence the plural subject actors requires the plural verb were.

    Explanation: Neither and either by themselves are always singular and require the singular verb. Such As The use of Only.. Due to vs. Because of Less vs. Greater vs. Will vs. Would vs. Between vs. The use of Apostrophe with Plural Nouns The use of Punctuation Rather than vs.

    Instead of Subordination and Coordination The use of Double Negatives.. Questions 1 Topic-wise Question Break-up Grid While conceptually it appears simple and straightforward, the GMAT has several ways of complicating things, as we will discover later in this chapter.

    A very simple example of a Subject-Verb mismatch could be the sentence: The students has taken the test The singular verb has does not agree with the plural subject students. A determine whether the soldier will be the victor or the B determines whether the soldier will be the victor and the C determine whether the soldier should be the victor and the D determines whether the soldier will be the victor or the E determine if the soldier will be the victor or the vanquished.

    Ask yourself whether it should be determine or determines? Since it is the singular ability and not the plural enemies that determines, the correct option should be the singular determines and no, adding an s to a verb does not make it plural; this actually makes it singular in most cases.

    How can the soldier be both the victor and the loser? Sounds simple enough, right? If you see large parts of a sentence separated by a comma, it might be a good idea to ignore the part between commas and read the rest of the sentence as a whole.

    For example Nuclear fusion, one of the most effective ways of separating carbon and oxygen atoms, are being used with deadly intent by some countries. In this sentence, seeing the plural are next to the plural atoms, you could get tricked into thinking that the sentence is correct the way it is written. To avoid such confusion, omit the part between commas, and the error will immediately become obvious to you how can nuclear fusion take the plural verb are? Thus the correct sentence will read: Nuclear fusion, one of the most effective ways of separating carbon and oxygen atoms, is being used with deadly intent by some countries.

    This is obviously incorrect, since the subject is the singular artist but the verb is the plural are. The sentence tries to confuse you by ending the relative clause with the plural students.

    The correct sentence will read, The Spanish artist, who is one of the worlds leading exponents of Salsa and is known to have taught thousands of students, is living in exile. In this sentence, the subject is the plural animals, so the verb must be the plural are and not the singular is. Remember, in case of a prepositional phrase in the zoo , the subject is always before the preposition and NOT after it exceptions to this rule are words used to express quantity that we will see later in this chapter.

    The correct sentence will read, The animals in the zoo are hungry. John, as well as his friend, is coming for dinner John, as well as his friend, are coming for dinner Which one do you think is correct? Surprising as it may sound, if you have answered B then you are wrong. A is actually the correct sentence. In English, only the word and can make plural or compound subjects.

    All other phrases such as as well as in the example above merely add extra information to the subject. These phrases are called additives. When you use additives the subject always comes before the additive phrase.

    Here is a list of some common additives: in addition to along with as well as together with including So to sum up: John and his friend are coming for dinner. But John as well as his friend is coming for dinner. How about this sentence? In this case, even though and is being used as the connector, the correct verb will be is.

    This is an exception to the above rule - if the two words connected by and are considered a single unit, then obviously theyll take a singular verb. A hint is to look at the word that follows the verb. If this word is singular, the verb most probably will be singular.

    For example, in the sentence above, the singular word snack follows is and this reinforces the conclusion that strawberries and cream is a singular subject. This is an inverted sentence in which the subject thousands is coming after the verb crosses.

    Obviously the plural subject thousands requires the plural verb cross. Along with is an additive phrase and the subject is always before the additive phrase. Hence, the plural subject gardens requires the plural verb make. As well as is an additive phrase and the subject is always before the additive phrase.

    Hence, the singular subject CEO requires the singular verb is. Hence, the plural subject trainess requires the plural verb are. There are two characteristics of the building a lack of parking space and an abundance of pillars. Since the two are connected using and, we have a compound or plural subject that requires the plural verb are.

    The subject is before the preposition of. The singular subject incidence requires the singular verb is. The sentence is not talking about multiple errors but the one that is the simplest thereby making the subject singular. The use of and gives us a plural subject that requires the plural verb are. The singular subject happiness requires the singular verb lasts. The singular subject everyone requires the singular verb contributes. The subject is one book i. In this case the verb that agrees with the singular subject one is the is at the end of the sentence before mine.

    However, for the verb in question, the subject is the plural books, so we require the plural verb are. In this sentence ten years is considered one single entity and hence requires the singular verb is. A car has two things a brake and an accelerator. Since the two are connected by and, we get a plural subject that requires a plural verb are. John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for making international calls.

    A B C D E is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, leading to a lowering of rates for which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to lower rates for who is currently working on a new revolutionary project in the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for.

    Miroslav Klose, with 14 goals to his credit, is the second leading goal scorer in football World Cups, bettered only by Ronaldos 15 goals. A B C D E bettered only by Ronaldos 15 goals bettered only by Ronaldo, who has 15 goals to his name only bettered by Ronaldos 15 goals bettered only by Ronaldo and his 15 goals only bettered by Ronaldo, having 15 goals to his name.

    Priscilla and I was punished by the teacher for not completing the assignment on time. A B C D E Priscilla and I was punished by the teacher Priscilla as well as me were punished by the teacher Priscilla and me were punished by the teacher Priscilla as well as I was punished by the teacher The teacher punished Priscilla and I.

    As an expert at repairing all kinds of electrical engines, the new project involving the repair and maintenance of pumping motors in all the buildings of the condominium was just the kind of assignment Edward had been looking for.

    Although the plastic bag ban in the city is yet to formally come into effect, government agencies have stepped up their drive against it and also issued notices in some cases. A B C D E government agencies have stepped up their drive against it and also issued notices in some cases government agencies stepped up their drive against it and also issued notices in some cases government agencies have stepped up their drive against the ban and have also issued notices in some cases government agencies are stepping up their drive against it, even issuing notices in some cases government agencies have stepped up their drive against the use of plastic bags and have also issued notices in some cases.

    B The correct answer. Leading acts as an adverbial modifier modifying the action of the entire previous clause. C Which incorrectly refers to The Bell Company. The use of the infinitive to revolutionize makes it appear as if the purpose of the project is to revolutionize whereas this is just the side effect of the project.

    D The sentence does not have a main verb; it just contains several back to back modifying phrases and relative clauses E Doesnt look too bad until you realize that the use of currently implies the present tense only, so we cannot use the present perfect tense has been because we dont know whether the action started earlier.

    C The placement of only as an adverb to modify bettered is incorrect. Only needs to modify Ronaldo. Also the sentence makes it appear as though Miroslav Klose was beaten by Ronaldos goals and not by Ronaldo himself D Incorrectly suggests that Klose was bettered by two things Ronaldo and his goals E The placement of only as an adverb to modify bettered is incorrect.

    The use of having is best avoided on the GMAT. Also me is the incorrect pronoun; we require the subject pronoun I. C Me is the incorrect pronoun; we require the subject pronoun I.

    D The correct answer.

    GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition

    The singular Priscilla agrees with the singular was. E Now it is the teacher who is doing the action and I am receiving it; hence the pronoun should be the objective me. Gets the modification correct. Also gets the idiom regarded C The sentence starts with a modifying phrase so what comes after the comma has to be the person who is the expert i.

    D The use of thus after the comma is incorrect and makes this a run on sentence E Uses the incorrect idiom considered Official Answer OA E Concepts Tested Pronoun Reference, Tense A The subject of the sentence is the ban so the it should ideally refer to the ban which doesnt make sense because the government agencies have obviously not stepped up their drive against the ban B The use of the simple past tense stepped is incorrect because the action is taking place in the present.

    Also the use of it is ambiguous. C Incorrectly suggests that the government agencies have stepped up their drive against the ban; the agencies have stepped up their drive against plastic bags and not against the ban D The use of it is ambiguous E The correct answer.

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    John, as well as his friend, is coming for dinner John, as well as his friend, are coming for dinner Which one do you think is correct? Neither of Johns friends are is here 4 Collective Nouns Collective nouns are almost always singular.

    Tips for Subject Verb Agreement questions: A B C D E is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, leading to a lowering of rates for which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to lower rates for who is currently working on a new revolutionary project in the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for 2.

    A B C D E bettered only by Ronaldos 15 goals bettered only by Ronaldo, who has 15 goals to his name only bettered by Ronaldos 15 goals bettered only by Ronaldo and his 15 goals only bettered by Ronaldo, having 15 goals to his name 3. Chen Cg. Ali Mouhli. Abhishek Mishra. Sunny Kap. Von Le. Naveed Ali Shah. Anil Kumar. Bhagath Gottipati. Surya Rishi. Roy Van de Simanjuntak. Ali Aljuboori.

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